Gums are the soft tissue that surround and sustain the teeth. Healthy gums are firmly attached to the teeth.
The detachment of the gums, followed by the exposure of the dental roots, is called gum recession.
Although gum recession may occur physiologically through aging, many people are affected by it much earlier that normal.
This condition is often caused by deficient oral hygiene, which leads to the accumulation of dental plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth. It is frequently a sign of gum or periodontal disease.
Three out of four adults suffer of different degrees of gum recession, but in many cases it does not cause pain and is not taken into consideration by the patient.
Gum recession can be identified at first sight, but in many cases it is discovered after a close inspection of the cervical area of the teeth (the area where healthy gums attach to teeth).
Gum Recession CausesAmong the factors that can cause gum recession we find:
- periodontal diseases
- occlusal trauma and/or bruxism (teeth grinding)
- congenital predisposition to periodontal disease
- massive accumulation of tartar near or beneath the gums
- bad habits, like pressing a hard object (ex. pencil) on the gums
- direct trauma
- anatomical factors: complications of tooth eruption, unusual form of teeth, dysfunctional positioning of teeth, aberrant muscle insertions, etc.
- direct food impact
- excessive and/or very frequent brushing
- trauma with dental floss and toothpicks
- iatrogenic causes: inadequate fillings or/and fixed or removable prostethics
- surgical operations (ex. gingivectomy)
In old people gum recession is considered physiological.
Signs and symptoms of gum recession
Gum recession may be accompanied by:
- exposure of dental roots
- bleeding gums (especially when brushing)
- bad breath
- dental mobility
- pain or sensitivity at contact with metallic instruments or during mastication
- pain or sensitivity at contact with hot or cold, sweet or sour foods and drinks
- difficulty in brushing
- a raised risk for dental caries in the affected teeth areas and for gingivitis
- affected aesthetics
Gum Recession Treatment
In our clinique, the gum recession has a unique treatment.
The most important step of the treatment is adopting a good oral hygiene by the patient, after the medic completely cleans the teeth and gums of any dental plaque and tartar by classical techniques, like scaling, subgingival curettage, and washing with antiseptic solutions. This is essential if we want the treatment to have any chance of success.
The next step is represented by the discovery and removal of all pathological dental (occlusal) contacts. Occlusal contacts are those contacts that appear between the horizontal surfaces of the upper and lower teeth while biting. If these contact are too powerful, the forces that arise are transmitted from the teeth to the gums and periodontal tissue, leading to gum recession among other things.
So, the removal of imperfect occlusal contacts is of vital importance. In order to achieve this goal, we use the T Scan System for digital management of occlusion. This system uses a state of the art technology that allows us to electronically detect the pathological occlusal contacts. In addition, it shows the forces that arise during these contacts in every single teeth, forces that cannot be identified through the classical occlusion test with “articulation paper” that is used in dentistry today.
Studies demonstrated that the efficiency of the T Scan measurements is over 90%. The pathological contacts identified with T Scan are easily removed by selective grinding and polishing.
Once the pathological occlusal contacts are removed, we will use the Electronic Doctor technique for regeneration of the gum and periodontal tissues.
This new and unique method of treatment helps treat periodontal and gum diseases, but can also be used in preventing this illnesses. It stimulates an infinite reservoir of regeneration, the body’s own cells. They are attracted to the damaged area through a physical mechanism that does not require the contact of foreign substances with the gum tissue. The technique has 4 main advantages:
- there is no risk of side effects
- no surgery required
- it doesn't hurt; it's non-invasive
- it uses the body’s own regeneration cells that are practically infinite in number and don’t cost anything